The Earned Income Tax Credit provides a tax credit and/or refund to people who earn low to moderate wages. The payment is received as part of the end-of-year tax filing period.
Workers who qualify for the federal EITC also qualify for a state EITC which is currently 15% of the federal amount for tax year 2020.
For tax year 2020:
- Workers who were raising one child in their home and had family income of less than $41,756 (or $47,646 for married workers) can get an EITC of up to $3,584.
- Workers who were raising two children in their home and had family income of less than $47,440 (or $53,330 for married workers) can get an EITC of up to $5,920.
- Workers who were raising three or more children in their home and had family income of less than $50,594 (or $56,844 for married workers) can get an EITC of up to $6,660.
- Workers between the ages of 25 and 64, who were not raising children in their home, and had income below $15,820 ($21,710 if married and filing jointly), can get an EITC of up to $538.
- Qualifying children include: sons, daughters, stepchildren, grandchildren as long as they lived with the taxpayer for more than half the year. Nieces, nephews, children of a friend or foster children can be qualifying children if they lived with the taxpayer all year and were cared for as members of the family. Qualifying children must be under age 19 or under age 24 if they are full-time students. Disabled children of any age are considered “qualifying children.”
- Immigrants who are “resident aliens for tax purposes” can get the EITC. This means the immigrant must be a lawful permanent resident or have lived in the U.S. for at least six months. Immigrants who are not permanent residents can qualify if they and their family members have legal work authorization and have a status including the following: refugee, asylee, Temporary Protected Status, Deferred Enforced Departure or applicant for asylum.
How to Apply
People may want to try to use the IRS Free File options available on the IRS website.
*You can use either your 2019 income or your 2020 income to calculate your EITC and you can use whichever number gets you the bigger EITC. You can ask your tax preparer to run the numbers both ways.